Butyl and silicone caulk are both popular choices for a variety of household and industrial projects.
Both silicone and butyl sealants have a unique combination of sealing, adhesive, and weatherproofing characteristics that make them useful in nearly every setting.
They both flow well, adhere well to most materials, cure quickly, resist water penetration very well, and can be easily removed or repositioned while wet.
But they’re different in many ways. Do you know them all? If not, the following article will look at the differences between butyl caulk vs silicone caulk.
We’ll discuss the benefits and downsides of each material, when it’s appropriate to use each one, and how they compare to each other in some key categories.
What is Butyl Caulk Made Of?
Butyl sealant is a synthetic rubber caulk based on the polymerization of isobutylene with isoprene. It has high resistance to weather, ozone, and chemicals in general, which makes it almost unbreakable for outdoor usage.
Polyisobutylene is the main ingredient in butyl caulks. It forms a good seal and is very flexible, which makes it ideal for creating weatherproof seals that can expand and contract without fracturing.
Butyl Caulk Applications
Butyl rubber sealant also stands out for its outstanding oil and gasoline resistance. It is commonly used when dealing with seepage due to faulty connections between water pipes or gas tanks and when sealing roof fixtures such as venting systems and skylights where the penetration of motor oil could damage the application over time (due to adhesion issues).
Butyl rubber caulk is also popular with automotive professionals for weather-proofing doors, trunk lids, and engine compartments against humidity and water leakage. Butyl caulks are resistant to UV light and have excellent adhesion to a wide range of surfaces.
They cure slowly compared to other synthetic caulks, so more care is needed when applying the material. Cured butyl forms an extremely durable rubber-like barrier that resists chemicals, solvents, salt spray, and weathering.
Moreover, Butyl tape is the most frequently used sealant in sealing seams, joints, and penetrations in roofing, siding, caulking, flashing, tile work, and virtually all types of construction. So there is also interest in butyl tape vs silicone.
What is Silicone Caulk Made Of?
What Is Silicone? As its name suggests, it is a synthetic rubber made from a combination of pure silicone and oxygen atoms.
Its chemical structure means that silicone forms longer molecular chains than alternative sealants like acrylic latex or polyurethane caulk.
It is also less likely to degrade when exposed to sunlight or chemicals. This makes it exceptionally good at resisting weather and water while not deteriorating over time.
Silicone Caulk Applications
Silicone sealants are one of the most useful and versatile products in any homeowner’s toolbox. The unique properties of silicone allow it to be used for almost every other type of sealant application, from sealing leaks around windows and doors to using it as a mold release agent.
Silicone caulks have been in use for decades. The earliest silica products were used as a rubber substitute, but they eventually found a niche in the building market.
They are frequently used to seal the seams between countertops and cabinets but can also be found in plumbing repairs and weatherproofing building materials.
Comparison Of Butyl Caulk vs Silicone Caulk
Silicone sealant is the best choice for insulation and weather-proofing, as it lasts longer and is more flexible than sealant made from butyl rubber. It’s also easier to clean up silicone caulks with water compared to butyl sealants, which can take days to dissolve in the water fully.
Butyl and silicone sealants are both ideal for sealing seams or penetrations on flat roofs as they resist spatter and stay flexible even at cooler temperatures. In contrast, butyl caulk provides excellent resistance against oil, gasoline, and harsh chemicals.
This makes them perfect for heavy-duty applications such as sealing roofs or engine compartments that may be exposed to rain or spilled fluids.
Easy Of Use
Butyl caulks are also very easy to work with and apply, which makes them the best choice for do-it-yourself projects. Butyl sealants can be easily applied with a caulking gun and quickly spread using either your finger or a plastic or rubber putty knife. They can even be painted, which makes it easy to match their color of them to any surface.
Silicone caulk, on the other hand, is not paintable and requires specialized tools to apply. They also take around 24 hours to cure fully, which makes them more difficult to quickly fix an issue or repair any mistakes that might have been made during application.
Generally speaking, siliconized caulk is the best choice for areas that are exposed to extreme temperatures or high humidity, while butyl can be used in most applications, especially when strength and flexibility are needed.
Is silicone the same as rubber?
The rubber material is one of the components used to make silicone caulk, but it’s not the same thing. Silicone is a synthetic rubber, so they are similar in some ways but have some significant differences as well.
Rubber is a naturally occurring material that is made from a blend of organic materials. Silicone, on the other hand, is a synthetic compound that is manufactured.
How do you remove butyl caulk?
The good news is that removing butyl sealant from a smooth surface can be as simple as wiping it away with a damp cloth.
If the sealant has been applied to wallpaper, tile, or another non-porous surface, you will need to scrape it off using a putty knife. Be sure to use a tool that has not been used with another caulk so you can avoid mixing them up.
Will silicone stick to rubber?
Yes, it will stick to rubber.
This is because they are similar in chemical make-up and share some of the same properties which makes them compatible with each other.
Is butyl better than silicone?
There are certainly pros and cons to both. The two types of caulk are designed to serve different purposes. While butyl is capable of withstanding pressure, wear and tear, it’s not always able to adhere well.
Silicone caulking is made specifically for application on flat indoor surfaces like walls and countertops, where it will be exposed to little more than a damp sponge or a gentle wipe from a soft towel.
Both types of caulk have their place in various DIY projects around the home, though silicone is generally better suited for smooth surfaces inside, while butyl offers greater flexibility that makes it the better exterior caulk option for outdoor use.
Can you paint over silicone sealant?
Paint would not adhere very well to cured silicone caulks, but it might be possible if you were to use a latex primer first.
They may still show through to the surface depending on how much paint was needed and what type of paint you used, so manufacturers or professionals don’t usually recommend this. We recommend you use polyurethane sealant or acrylic latex caulk for this application instead.
Now that you know about the butyl sealant vs silicone sealant comparisons, you’re ready to choose the ideal sealant for your next do-it-yourself project. Both types of caulk are available in various colors and sizes to suit most applications, especially in the building and construction industry.
Since their properties do overlap somewhat, you may need to experiment with both sealants before deciding on a final choice. Butyl and silicone caulk each have an ideal set of conditions for use, so we hope we were able to help you choose which is best for your application.